Behaviours that challenge training

What is challenging Behaviour in health and social care?

 

Describes the difficult or problem behaviours that challenge exhibited by individuals.

 Behaviours that challenge is not however limited to people with learning disabilities,

Behaviours that challenge by the individual displays maybe,

  1. Aggression (e.g., hitting, kicking, biting)

  2. Destruction (e.g., ripping clothes, breaking windows, throwing objects)

  3. Self-injury (e.g., head banging, self-biting, skin picking)

  4. Tantrums

  5. Other behaviours (e.g. running away, eating inedible objects, rocking or other stereotyped movements)

How does challenging Behaviour affect the individual?

 

In jeopardy and some behaviours that challenge has a major impact on the person’s (or other people’s) quality of life.

 

Behaviours that challenge vary from person to person and some behaviours result in serious injury (e.g. blindness, brain damage from eye poking or head banging).

 

Other behaviours that challenge  do not have such immediately serious consequences but will be upsetting, disruptive or stressful.

 

Behaviours that challenge is generally more common in people with learning disabilities than in people without disabilities.

What can cause challenging Behaviour?

Also occurs when there is frustration at the inability to make others understand what the person needs.

Behaviours that challenge is sometimes linked to mental health problems such as depression or to neurotransmitter abnormalities.

 

There is extensive evidence about the relative effectiveness of different ways to help people with behaviours that challenge. The most important way is to talk to the person themselves, find out what is bothering them and see if you can put it right.

What is a characteristic of challenging behaviors?

 

When looking at specific behaviours that challenge and specific age groups.

Significant self injury occurs in between 3% and 12% of children attending schools for those with severe learning disabilities.

Serious violent behaviour (especially involving the use of weapons) is less common amongst adults with learning disabilities than other adults.

 

These behaviours that challenge  present significant challenges to carers, the person's own health and safety is also at risk, it can also place others in jeopardy.

In most cases behaviours that challenge occurs when a person who has little control over their life, tries to exercise some power

  • E.g. screaming to attract attention

  • E.g. pushing someone away if they do not want to be with them

What types of behavior triggers are there?

Behaviours that challenge for Social Attention

 

It is not bad to want attention from others.

 

For a variety of reasons (e.g. limited communication skills, boredom, and poor self-occupation skills) some people may learn that behaving in a particular way is a reliable way of attracting others’ attention, even if it is negative.

Behaviours that challenge for Tangibles

 

The desire for certain things (e.g. food, drink, objects or activities) which is providing the motivation for the behaviour that challenges.

 

Problems arise when an individual learns to act inappropriately to get these things.

Behaviours that challenge for Escape

 

Rather then behaving in a particular way to get people’s attention, particular behaviour that challenges can be to avoid situations or activities that they do not like, or do not find particularly rewarding (e.g. a child that does not like group activities may learn that hitting the child nearest to them results in them being moved to a quiet corner on their own).

Behaviours that challenge for Sensory

 

Behaviour is internally rewarding (or self reinforcing).

 

What is happening around the individual (externally) is not as important as what is happening inside the individual.

 

A person may behave in a particular way simply because of the sensation (e.g., rocking back and forth or banging their head) because it is stimulating (e.g., flapping a hand in front of a light or ‘twiddling’ a piece of string) or because of the way it sounds (e.g., grinding teeth together or clicking their tongue repetitively).

 

These behaviours that challenge may appear pointless, annoying or distressing to the observer. However, for the person themselves, the behaviour may serve the function of helping them cope with uncomfortable negative feelings such as boredom or anxiety.

 

Although a challenging behaviour may appear negative to us, the behaviour that challenge may serve as a positive coping strategy for the individual who has adopted it.

What do learners receive?

  • Course notes

  • Certificate

Course Length

6 Hours

Number of attendees

 

Attendees minimum 6 to maximum 15

 

Availability

This training course is available as in-house training at a venue of your own choice throughout the UK.

 

Certification:

All delegates will receive a certificate of attendance.

 

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