Level 2 Dementia Care Training 




What is dementia a general term for?


For a range of conditions that involve loss of mental ability and so causes problems with memory, language, behaviour and emotions. Dementia is most common in the elderly. Around five percent of people over the age of 65 are affected to some extent.

What are the major causes of dementia?


In the way the brain works. The brain is made of billions of brain cells or 'neurones', through which electrical signals pass. Normally these cells signal to each other through narrow gaps (synapses) with the help of chemicals called 'neurotransmitters'.

Dementia is caused by neurones not working properly or dying. This often changes the levels of different neurotransmitters, which affect the function of the brain.


Dementia is not a normal part of ageing. It is different from the mild forgetfulness that can occur in the elderly.

What are the most common causes of dementia?

There are many causes of dementia. The most common is Alzheimer's disease, which accounts for up to 60% of all cases.


Alzheimer's disease is caused by the destruction of certain brain cells leading to the loss of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This alters the transmission of signals through the brain.

Vascular (or blood vessel) dementia,


Which is sometimes called multi-infarct dementia, accounts for over 20% of all dementias. It is caused by small blood vessels in the brain becoming blocked. These blockages prevent oxygen from reaching the nearby brain cells, leading to their death. It is like having many tiny strokes in the brain, causing a gradual decline in mental ability.


Other dementias include Lewy body dementia, which is often found in people with Parkinson's disease, frontal lobe dementia (including Pick's disease), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, AIDS dementia and Huntington's disease.

Gentleman with dementia.jpg

What are good activities for dementia patients?

Introduction to activities in Dementia


  1. An activity can be anything from the moment a client wakes up to when they go to bed

  2. E.g. personal care tasks, eating a meal and spending time with others

  3. Helping a client to remain active is the responsibility of every person in the care team

Why is Activity Essential for a Person with Dementia?


  1. Activity is essential to wellbeing and helps maintain a sense of self-worth

  2. It also gives purpose and enjoyment to the day

  3. Sometimes, when a client says ‘no’ to being involved in an activity care staff have to think of different ways of engaging their interest


The Role of Everyone to Provide Activities for the Person with Dementia


  1. Many care staff think that activities are not a part of their role

  2. There is a misconception that the word ‘activities’ means running a group or organising an outing

  3. Understanding that everything a person does in a day is an activity helps staff to recognise that they all have a part to play


Activity Provision – Influencing Factors


  1. Each client will be different:

  2. Individual abilities

  3. Individual interests

  4. Individual motivation

  5. Each setting will be different:

  6. Physical environment

  7. Number of members of staff

  8. Skills of members of staff

  9. Organisational culture

What do learners receive?

  • Course notes

  • Certificate

Course Length

3 Hours


Number of Attendees

Attendees minimum 6 to maximum 15



This training course is available as in-house training at a venue of your own choice throughout the UK.



All delegates will receive a certificate awarded by Advantage accreditation.


Enquire about this course today