Level 3 Safeguarding Adults Training
Adults at Risk of Harm
Abuse is defined as the violation of an individual’s human and civil rights. Abuse may consist of single or repeated acts. It may be physical, verbal or psychological. It may be an act of neglect or an omission to act.
It may occur when an adult at risk of harm is persuaded to enter into a financial or sexual transaction in which he or she has not consented or does not have the capacity to consent.
Defining abuse is complex and can be subject to wide interpretation. Many instances of abuse will constitute criminal offences, involving intent, recklessness, dishonesty or negligence by the perpetrator. Abuse may also be perpetrated as a result of ignorance or poor or unsatisfactory professional practice.
The abuse of adults at risk of harm can vary enormously from the theft of a relatively small amount of money from an elderly person to the systematic abuse and death of those in institutional/residential settings.
It is widely acknowledged that the abuse of adults at risk of harm is under researched and under reported. A number of studies indicate that adults at risk of harm experience a higher prevalence of abuse and neglect than the general population and are less able to easily access services that would enable them to lead safer lives.
Definition of Harm
Safeguarding adults procedures must be instigated when the concern raised indicates significant harm or exploitation to the person subjected to it. "Harm should be taken to include not only ill-treatment (including sexual abuse and forms of ill treatment which are not physical), but also the impairment of, or an avoidable deterioration in, physical or mental health and the impairment of physical, intellectual ,emotional, social or behavioural development." [Law Commission 1995].
Factors to be taken into consideration when assessing significant harm:
• the impact on the individual – this should be determined by the adult at risk of harm and the workers involved
• the individual’s wishes and feelings
• the impact [actual or potential] on other adults at risk of harm or carers
• evidence of physical or emotional harm
• records of previous concerns or incidents
• independent corroborative information
• the views of other professionals involved It is important to remember that in some cases an accumulation of events as opposed to a single act may increase the severity of the concern
Managers with responsibility for overseeing and supervising the investigation of, and response to, adult abuse are responsible for ensuring that all appropriate agencies are involved in the investigation and the provision of support, and that good standards of practice are maintained.
They will also provide the first line of negotiation if differences arise between agencies. Arrangements must be established to enable managers in different agencies to contact each other quickly to resolve any inter-agency problems. A senior manager should be identified in each agency to take the lead role with regard to the development of the policy and strategy, issuing operational guidance, promoting good practice, making policy recommendations to corporate management groups and negotiating with other agencies within an inter-agency framework.
It is important that lead managers in different agencies should have comparable discretion and authority to make strategic and resource decisions. To achieve effective working relationships, based on trust and open communication, such managers will need to understand the organisational frameworks within which colleagues in different agencies work. Risk assessment and risk management are essential aspects of protection of adults at risk from abuse.
They must be included in the measures taken to prevent abuse, as well as being an integral part of the protection plan in response to actual allegations or suspicions of abuse. Risk assessments are undertaken by a variety of social care and health professionals. They may encompass different assessment tools and be recorded in a variety of formats.
Workers should follow organisational policies and share the results in accordance with the 'Safeguarding Adults Information Sharing Protocol'. In assessing the seriousness of the risk of abuse, the following should be considered:
• how the individual is at risk of harm • the extent of any cognitive impairment • their level of physical, emotional or financial dependency
• their ability to communicate • their level of social / cultural isolation • the nature and extent of the abuse
• the length of time over which the abuse has been happening • the impact on the individual and others
• whether the situation can be monitored
In assessing the likelihood of an abusive incident reoccurring, the following should be considered:
• whether there is a history of abuse or domestic violence
• the intent of the perpetrator - was it a deliberate act or lack of awareness?
• the existence of known predisposing factors or triggers
• the supportive measures that can be put in place
• whether the situation can be monitored
The risk should be considered high if:
• there is reason to believe that someone's life may be in danger
• there is reason to believe that major injury or serious physical or mental ill health could result
• the incidents are increasing in frequency or severity
• the behaviour is persistent and / or deliberate
What do learners receive?
· Course notes
Number of Attendees
Attendees minimum 6 to maximum 15
This training course is available as in-house training at a venue of your own choice throughout the UK.
All delegates will receive an Advantage accredited certificate
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